Narendra Damodardas Modi is the 15th and current Prime Minister of India, in office since May 2014. Modi, a leader of the Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP), previously served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat. He is currently the Member of Parliament (MP) from Varanasi. This article is about Journey of Narendra Modi (Indian Prime Minister 2014).
Early Life (Journey of Narendra Modi)
Born on September 17, 1950, into a low-caste family running a small business. As a young boy, Modi helped his dad serve tea in Gujarat’s Vadnagar railway station. At eight, Modi associated with the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
It was a logical step when Modi joined the BJP in 1985. the party licked its wounds after winning just two seats in a disastrous showing in 1984 the Lok Sabha elections.
He rose steadily through the ranks and was inducted into the national executive in 1991 after aiding Murli Manohar Joshi, a party senior, in his Ekta yatra (unity journey) to bolster support.
Four years later, and how a stalwart, Modi worked hard behind the scenes to secure the party victory in Gujarat elections. Despite his association with Joshi, it was LK Advani, the BJP’s most revered leader, who became his chief political mentor. It was Advani who mentored Modi when the virtual handpicked him into his team of state apparatchiks after recommendations from a few trusted peers in the late 1980s. Modi promoted privatization of businesses, small government, and Hindu valves. In 1995, Modi became BJP national secretary. he successfully helped settle internal leadership disputes, paving the way for BJP election victories in 1998.
Tenure as Gujarat’s Chief Minister: Journey of Narendra modi
Narendra Modi became the Chief Minister of the state of Gujarat for the first time in October 2001 after his predecessor Keshubhai Patel resigned from the post following the defeat of Bharatiya Janta Party in the by-elections.
In February 2002, while Modi served as chief minister of Gujarat, a commuter train was attacked by Muslims killing 58 Kar speaks. In retaliation, an attack was carried out on the Muslim neighbourhood of areas of Ahmadabad, Baroda, and Surat. Violence spread and Modi imposed a curfew grating police shoot-to-kill orders. Peace was restored After 72 hours. Modi’s government was criticized for the harsh crackdown.The killing of more than 1,200 people including 250 Hindus was accused by them. Central Government and Supreme Court inducted a Special Investigation Team (SIT) to verify the facts. The SIT concluded that Modi did all he could in his capacity to control riots and punish the guilty.
The International Response
Nevertheless, the international response was sharp: a prolonged international boycott, with the US denying him a visa. Atal Bihari Vajpayee, the then prime minister, wanted to sack Modi after the riots, but he held on after the party stood behind him.
The religious polarization that followed the 2002 riots actually boosted his electoral prospects. Narendra Modi became Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2007 and 2012. Through those campaigns, Modi’s hard-line Hinduism softened and he spoke more about economic growth. Modi continued to build his reputation in Gujarat on economic growth, building an efficient business administration and selling the state to the world. Since Modi took control, Gujarat has led the nation in GDP growth and accounts for 16 percent of industrial output, despite having five percent of its population. The western state boasts of uninterrupted power supply and the finest road infrastructure in the country. He is also credited with bringing prosperity and development to Gujarat and is seen as a corrupt-free and efficient administrator.
However, some say he has done little to alleviate poverty and improve living standards. They talk about poverty, malnutrition, and lack of proper education in the state. As per statistics, the State ranks 13th in terms of property and 21st education. On the other hand, the state officials claim that the State outperformed other states in terms of female education. Also, the school drop-out rates and the maternal mortality rates have also declined. Gujarat is also one of the states that do not suffer from the problem of land mafia. This is the journey of Narendra Modi as a CM.
2014 Lok Sabha Elections
In June 2013, Modi was selected to head the BJP’s 2014 election campaign to the Lok Sabha, while a grassroots campaign was already in place to elect him Prime Minister. Modi campaigned hard, portraying himself as a pragmatic candidate capable of Turing around India’s economy.
During his campaign, Modi pledged to speed government decision-making and remove bureaucratic hurdles that have slowed development. Modi effectively used social media to Twitter, Facebook, and Google in his campaign, besides Google Hangouts and holograms for campaign appearances. Modi is the most tech-savvy politician. He has a 3rd largest follower on twitter. Modi is able to connect with youth through various interactive platforms. He even posted a selfie on Twitter and his victory tweet emerged as the most re-tweeted in India. His initiative of “Chai pe Charcha” became the instant hit among youths across demography.
In May 2014, he and his party were victorious, taking 282 of the 534 seats in the Lok Sabha. The victory marked a crushing defeat to the Indian National Congress, which had controlled Indian politics for most of the 60 years, and sent a message that India’s citizens were behind an agenda of radical change. Modi himself won from both seats he contested; defeating Arvind Kejriwal, leader of the Aam Aadmi Party, in Varanasi and Madhusudan Mistry of the Indian National Congress in Vadodara (by margin of 570, 128 votes, the second highest ever)
Narendra Modi became Prime Minister on 26 May 2014 at the Rashtrapati Bhavan. He is India’s first prime minister born after the country’s independence.
Modi invited all SAARC leaders to attend his swearing-in ceremony. He was Continuing with the aim of promoting close ties with neighbouring countries.So That, Modi’s first foreign visit as Prime Minister of India was to Bhutan. Narendra Modi left for Brazil to attend BRICS summit on July 14 and 15, 2014 with agenda of the meet being regional crisis and security threats. Decisions on the setting up of long-awaited BRICS bank and implementation of new ventures like New Development Bank & Contingent Reserve Arrangement were the main highlights of the summit. After that, He visited Nepal on August 8, 2014.Later;
He made a 5-day bilateral visit to Japan starting on August 30, 2014. He managed to peg investments worth $33 billion. On 17 September 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrived in India.They signed Several financial MoUs and agreements of cooperation. Modi termed as a new chapter in the economic relations of both of them.
Modi visited the United States in the last week of September 2014.
The constant cross-border violations by Pakistan, with numerous reported since Modi came to power. He has been a blot on the government’s foreign policy. Modi government did take a tough stand by cancelling secretary-level talks with Pakistan for its indulgence with Kashmiri separatists. It still has a long way to go with increased terrorist attacks in wake of the Elections in Kashmir.
Major Decisions (Journey of Narendra Modi )
- They created one panel to Find out black money
- The previous government has 62 panels. They have Groups of Ministers (GOMs) and Empowered Groups of Ministers (EGOMs), supposed to aid the decision-making process scrapped. Modi says there would be one decision-making centre.
- The Planning Commission that existed for 50 years scrapped as it had not moved with the times.So A think-tank has full filled it.
- Collegium or internal system of making appointments to the higher judiciary scrapped in favour of a commission comprising the PM and the chief justice of India.
- Juvenile Justice Act to be amended to enable Juvenile Justice Board to decide whether the juvenile above 16 years involved in heinous crimes such as rape be tried in a regular court.
- Ambitious financial inclusion scheme – Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana- launched with 15 million bank accounts opened. Each of the holders provided 100,000 insurance cover on the first day. First five target of 75 million account holders advanced to Jan 26, 2015, from August 14 that year.
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- Government to create a National Food Grid to connect deficient areas with surplus producing regions to reduce wastage of fruit and vegetables and ensure stale prices. The government expects it to help contain price rise.
- Modi prioritizing relations with Asians nations as a part of government ‘s Look East policy, visiting Bhutan and Nepal, followed by Japan on August 30 – September 3.
- Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yia’s visit to India is a positive development for bettering relations between the two countries.
- Cancelled August 25 foreign secretary-level talks with Pakistan High Commissioner Abdul Basit invited Kashmiri separatists for talks.Seen as the governments though side.
- Gas price rise put the hold for three months, given that this is the sensitive issue and needs further discussion to address many important aspects before taking the final call.
- In a major pointer to government’s firmness against graft in defence procurement, no further deals with Italians conglomerate Finmeccanica, whose Britain-based subsidiary Agusta Westland is enmeshed in the kickbacks relating to the purchase of VVIP helicopters.
- Ministers asked to adopt austerity measures; among others not to buy new cars.
Modi’s 500 days in office came on a high note, with the GDP seeing the fastest growth in years. Sensex and Nifty reaching an unprecedented high. After all, GDP increase by 7.3% During 2014-2015. He made some effort on tax policy, land acquisition issues, environmental approvals, manufacturing to labour laws. He had increased confidence of investors while removing some of the hurdles. The Modi mantra to approve stalled projects. This all is to get engines of growth roaring again. But the fast-tracking of environmental regulations and the planned revamp of labour laws have triggered some concerns. The government may have to tackle to ensure balanced and sustainable growth. I hope you enjoy this article: Journey of Narendra Modi (Indian Prime Minister since 2014)