Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
Indiagossip has presented many parties in the complete website. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) is one political party. M.K. Stalin is current working president of the party. According described below, the party is formed by Dravidian in 1949.
Origin & brief History about Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) is a Dravidian party founded by C. N. Annadurai as a breakaway faction from the Dravidar Kazhagam (Known as Justice Party till 1944) headed by Periyar.
It traces its roots to the South Indian Liberal Federation (Justice Party) formed in1916, by P. Thyagaraya Chetty, Dr. P.T.Rajan, Dr. C. Natesa Mudaliar, etc.
In August 1944, Periyar created the “Dravida Kazhagham” out of the Justice Party and self-respect Movement at the Salem Provincial Conference. Dravidar Kazhagam was conceived as a movement and not a political party, and it insisted on an independent nation for Dravidians called Dravida Nadu, consisting of areas that were covered under Madras Presidency.
In 1949, several of Periyar’s followers led by C.N. Annadurai decided to split from Dravidar Kazhagham & announced the formation of the DMK on 17th September 1949.
In 1953, Tamil actor M.G. Ramachandran(MGR) joined the DMK and popularised the party flag and symbol, which at that time stood for secession from India, by Showing it in his movies.
Since 1969, M Karunanidhi, Ex-Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu headed DMK
It is a former member of the United Progressive Alliance & a state Political Party in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
Dravidians in general & Tamilians in Particular.
Fiercely Tamil Nationalistic electors.
Supporters of Tamil identity & independence, both in India & neighboring countries like Sri Lanka.
Key Persons of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
Party Founder – CN Annadurai
Other Origin Members – V.R. Nedunchezhagan, K.Anbazhagan, N.V. Natarajan, E. V. K. Sampath (Nephew of Annadurai)
Popular Face till 1972 – MG Ramachandran (Tamil Film Actor)
Current Leader/President – M. Karunanidhi
Leader in the Lok Sabha – T. R. Baalu
Other Prominent Leaders – MK Stalin & MK Kanimozhi (Children of M Karunanidhi)
Main Ideological Thrust
Political positions are Centre-left, ideology comprises Social Democracy, Populism, and Democratic Socialism.
Dravidian in outlook & pro-Tamil in action.
Major Electoral Achievements(Centre & States)
DMK holds the distinction of being the first party than the Indian National Congress (INC), another member of the United Progressive Alliance. They had done it, to win state-level elections with the clear majority in 1971 on its own in any State in India.
So Ruled Tamil Nadu from 1967-1977, then from 1989-1991, 1996-2001, and from 2006-2011.
Bagged a high of 25 Lok Sabha seats in the 1967 general elections, had 18 seats & was a prominent member of the UPA government. Currently, it has 0 Lok Sabha seats.
Current State Governments/Opposition
The main opposition party in Tamil Nadu & Puducherry.
Current State Assembly seats = 23 out of 234.
Trivia of Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK)
Party HQ – Anna Arivalayam, Anna Salai
Party Newspapers – Murasoli (Tamil) & The Rising Sun (English)
After MGR’s death in 1987, the LTTE reportedly sent personal emissaries to Karunanidhi for seeking his active support in their battle against the IPKF, since because there was no more MGR to help them.
The Party’s election symbol is the Sun Arising from between two mountains, called the Rising Sun. The party flag consists of red and black color. So they have their own identity.
DMK’s worst poll performance ever in Tamil Nadu was registered in 1991 and its peak in 1971.
Kalaignar TV is a channel started in 2007 & managed by Kanimozhi and Dayalu Ammal, the Daughter and wife f Karunanidhi.
M Karunanidhi’s nephew was the late Murasoli Maran, whose son Kalanidhi Maran runs Sun Network, India’s second-largest TV Network. According to Forbes, Kalanidhi is among India’s richest 20 people, with a net worth of $2.9 billion!His channels were the mouth organ of the DMK party until Kalaignar TV was started.
Party founder Annadurai wanted a separate Dravida Nadu. But the DMK changed its stance with the Chinese invasion in 1962.They suspended its demand for the length of the war and supported India for raising for the war. When the war ended, nationalistic feelings were so strong that DMK gave up the separate Dravida nation idea.
In India, there are more than 30 parties are in politics. Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) is one of the capable party for next election 2019. We have tried to describe all the parties as possible as well. We hope you will enjoy it.