Dr. Manmohan Singh
Dr. Manmohan Singh born on 26 September 1932 was the 13th Prime Minister of India. A renamed economist, he is the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to return to power after completing a full five-year term. He is the first Sikh to hold the office.
In 1991, as India faced a severe economic crisis, newly elected Prime Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao included the apolitical Singh into his cabinet as Finance Minister. Over the next few years, he as a Finance Minister carried out several structural reforms that liberalized India’s economy.
Dr. Manmohan Singh As Prime Minister
- Singh’s government has continued the Golden Quadrilateral and the highway modernization program that initiated by Vajpayee’s government.
- In 2005, Prime Minister Singh and his government’s health ministry started the National Rural Health Mission, Which has mobilized half a million community health workers.
- In 2006, Dr Manmohan Singh’s government implemented the proposal to reserved 27% of seats in All India Institute of Medical Studies (AIIMS), Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), the Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs). And also other central institutions of higher education for Other Backward Classes which led to 2006 Indian anti-reservation protests.
- Eight more IITs opened in the seats of Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Orisha, Panjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh.
- The Singh’s government also continued the Serva Shiksha Abhiyan programme. The programme includes the introduction and improvement of mid-day meals and the opening of schools all over India.
- Unique Identification Authority of India was established in February 2009, an agency responsible for implementing the envisioned Multipurpose National Identity Card with the objective of increasing national security and facilitating e-governance.
- The Right to Information Act passed by the Parliment in 2005 during his tenure.
- After that, Manmohan Singh has continued the programmatic foreign policy that started by P.V Narshimha Rao and continued by Bharatiya Janta Party’s(BJPs) Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
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- Singh has continued the peace process with Pakistan initiated by his predecessor, Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Exchange of high-level visits by top leaders from both countries has highlighted his tenure.
- Efforts have been made during Singh’s tenure to end the border dispute with the People’s Republic of China. In November 2006, Chinese President Hu Jintao visited India which followed by Dr. Manmohan Singh’s visit to Beijing in January 2008. A major development in Sino-Indian relations the reopening of the Nathula Pass in 2006 after being closed for more than four decades.
- Additionally, Relations with Afghanistan have also improved considerably, with India now becoming the largest regional donor to Afghanistan.
- Dr. Manmohan Singh’s government has worked towards stronger ties with the United States(US).
- Relations have improved Japan and the European Union countries, like the United Kingdom(UK), France, and Germany.
- Singh’s government has also been especially keen on expanding ties with Israel. Since 2003, the two countries have made significant investments in each other. And also Israel now rivals Russia to become India’s defense partner.
- In January 2003, the Minister of External Affairs, Sri Lanka visited India and signed an agreement on combating International terrorism and Illicit drug trafficking and a revised Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement.
- The ties between India and Maldives have strained after the cancellation of the GMR Airport contract. It is the single largest Indian Investment in the Island Nation.