Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
Again India Gossip comes Back with our new article under the category of Indian politics. In this post, we have described the biggest and current governing political party Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in brief. So that We have described point to point information as possible as well from the root to leaf of the party.
Origin & Brief History of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Established in 1980, the BJP is India’s largest party in terms of representation.It is the second largest party in the various state assemblies.
- The BJP has its roots in the Bharatiya Janta Sangh (BJS) founded by Dr. Shyama Prasad Mookherjee in 1951 to support the Hindu nationalist cause. The BJS was widely regarded as the political arm of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).
- After Mukherjee’s untimely death, Deendayal Upadhyaya built up the BJS by raising a band of dedicated workers & grooming future political leader like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Lal Krishna Advani, etc.So A vast majority of the party workers, including Upadhyaya himself, were derived from the RSS.
- In 1980, the leaders and workers of the former BJS founded the BJP, with AB Vajpayee as its first president.
- The BJP led the national government along with a coalition of parties of the National Democratic Alliance (1998 to 2004), with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as Prime Minister, thus making it the first non-Congress government to last a full term in office.
- From 2004-2014, the BJP was the principal opposition party in the parliament.
- In 2014, BJP was elected as the single largest party in Lok Sabha election with the majority. After all, They got 280 seats out of 543 seats. Narendra Modi became the 14th Prime Minister of India.
- Traditional supporters have been Hindu voters in North India, youth voters, urban electorate & educated middle class and Upper Castes.
- The rank-and-file leadership of BJP is largely derived from the leading members of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) and its millions of affiliates.
- It also maintains friendly relations and links with other Sangh Parivar organizations. Organizations are Vishwa Hindu Parishad and Swadeshi Jagaran Manch (an organization promoting economic protectionism).
Key persons of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Party President/Chairperson – Amit Shah
- Parliamentry Chairperson – Narendra Modi
- Leader in Lok Sabha – Narendra Modi
- Leader in Rjya Sabha – Arun Jaitley
- Vice Presidents – Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi, Uma Bharti, Smriti Irani, etc.
- Prominent Spokepersons – Prakash Javadekar, Syed Shahnawaz Hussain, Nirmala Sitharaman.
Main Ideological Thrust
- BJP’s platform is right-wing of the Indian political spectrum.
- The official ideology and central philosophy are designated to be “integral humanism”, based on a 1965 book by Deendayal Upadhyaya.
- BJP is popularly labelled “Hindu nationalist”, advocates social conservatism, and self-reliance as outlined by the Swadeshi movement.
- Opposed marxism and the socialist economic policies of the Congress party, but espoused Swadeshi, as opposed to foreign imports and the establishment of friendly trade relations with foreign nations, thus remaining protectionist.
- Advocates a strong national defence policy, which includes modernization of India’s armed forces and a strong nuclear deterrence.
- The Babri Masjid issue and the consequent events played a major role in the elevation of BJP on the national arena.
Major Electoral Achievements (Centre & States)
- The BJP led the national government along with a coalition of parties of the National Democratic Alliance from 1998 to 2004. So that It was only possible with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as Prime Minister. Specially It was the first non-Congress government to last a full term in office at the centre.
- From 2004 to 2014, it was the principal opposition party in parliament.
- BJP’s predecessor the Jana Sangh won just 3 Lok Sabha seats in the first general election in 1952.
- Gradually increased its strength and by 1962 became one of the most effective opposition parties in India, seriously challenging the power of the Congress in various north Indian states.
- After all, 1967, Jan Sangh (Pre-breakup of BJP and JD) entered int the coalition with political organizations of similar ideologies and political positions and formed govt. in states such as Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, etc.
- BJS along with many other political parties merged with the Janata Party in 1977 to present a united opposition to the Congress.So that they became popular.
- Additionally, Janta party won with a huge majority in 1977 and formed the government with Morarji Desai as prime minister. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the external affairs minister in the new government.
- Moreover, Initial victories included assembly elections of Delhi in 1993, and Gujarat & Maharashtra in March 1995, and a good performance in the elections to the Karnataka assembly in December 1994.
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- In the 1996 General elections, it emerged as the single largest party in the Lok Sabha, and AB Vajpayee became the PM; Due to insufficient support, he memorably resigned after just 13 days!
- Had a tally of 183 Lok Sabha seats in the 1998 elections.
- Won the 2008 state elections in Karnataka, making it the first time that they had won Assembly elections in any south Indian state.After that, In the 2013 assembly election of Karnataka, BJP again faced major defeat and lost its only south Indian state government.
- Has held power prominently in states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Rajasthan, etc.
- In the 2009 general elections, strength in Lok Sabha reduced to 116 seats; Rajya Sabha strength is 49 seats.
- Similarly, In 2014, BJP became the single largest party in Lok Sabha elections with the majority. After that, They win 281 seats out of 543 seats. Narendra Modi became the 14th Prime Minister of India.
Current State Governments/Opposition
- As of December 2014, BJP has 7 incumbent Chie Ministers – Raman Singh in Chhattisgarh, Laxmikant Parsekar in Goa, Anandiben Patel in Gujarat, Shivraj Singh Chouhan in Madhya Pradesh, Vasundhara Raje in Rajasthan, Manohar Lal Khattar in Haryana and Devendra Fadnavis in Maharashtra. Results of recently concluded assembly elections in Jharkhand and Jammu & Kashmir has further added to the tally of BJP. After that, The party is likely to form the government in Jharkhand. While it may be an ally to party forming a government in Jammu & Kashmir.
- Shares power with other political parties of NDA coalition in Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, and Nagaland.
- The main opposition party in most of the States under the Congress rule.
Trivia of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
- Party HQ – 11 Ashoka Road, New Delhi; Party Newspaper – Kamal Sandesh, Party Symbol – Lotus Flower
- Was a major opponent of Operation Blue Star & was amongst those who strongly disliked and openly protested the violence against Sikhs in Delhi in 1984, following the assassination of Indira Gandhi by one of her Sikh bodyguards.
- Amongst the coalition parties of the NDA, only the Shiv Sena shares a similar ideology with the BJP!
- The BJP-led govt. in 1999-2004 wholeheartedly continued the economic policies initiated by the previous Congress govt. under P. V. Narasimha Rao & Manmohan Singh.
- Therefore, During 1999-2004, the BJP-led government invested in major infrastructure development projects such as the Golden Quadrilateral network of national highways and launched a major effort to attract foreign investment & introduce free trade.
After all, We hope you had enjoyed this article about Bharatiya Janta Party. In reality, This will improve your Knowledge about Indian politics.