Bahujan Samaj Party(BSP) | Indian Politics

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP)

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is the third major party of the Indian political system it has many candidates as compared to the many competitors.You can know about Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in brief.

Origin And Brief History

  • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) was founded by the charismatic Dalit leader Kanshi Ram in 1984.
  • The party has its main base in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Due to Kanshi Ram’s deteriorating health in the 1990s, former school teacher Mayawati became the party’s de facto leader.
  • Their power grew quickly with seats in the Utter Pradesh Legislative Assembly and the Lok Sabha.
  • In 1993, Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) formed a coalition with Samajwadi Party President Mulayam Yadav as Chief Minister. In mid-1995, Mayawati withdrew support from the government. Since this, they have regarded each other publicly as Chief rivals.
  • BSP formed a government in 1995 with the support of the BJP, but in October 1995, the support was withdrawn by the Bharatiya Janta Party (BJP).
  • In 2007 UP assembly elections, BJP emerged as the single majority party, the first to do so since 1991 but, lost thereafter in the 2012 Election to Samajwadi Party(SP).
  • In this phase, the BSP took away a majority of upper castes votes from their traditional party called BJP.
  • BSP is now the third largest national party of India in terms of vote percentages(%) as per the 2009 Lok Sabha Elections, having more than 10% vote share across the country. This reduces 4.1% in 2014 Lok Sabha Elections.

Target Constituents

  • The BSP formed mainly to represent Bahujans, referring to people from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Castes that is OBC, as well as minorities.
  • Recent Major Reach-out has been done towards other castes, even some members of the Upper Castes.
  • The BSP has historically drawn a loyal base of voters from India’s lowest castes and that is Dalits which spread across states and is loyal to the BSP ideology.

Key Persons

  • Founder Of Party – Kanshi Ram
  • President & Chairperson – Mayawati
  • Secretaries General – Satish Chandra Mishra, Dr. Suresh Mane, Naseem Uddin Siddiqui, Swami Prasad Maurya
  • Leader in Lok Sabha – Rajesh Verma
  • Leader in Rajya Sabha – Mayawati

Main Ideological Thrust

  • The BSP is a centrist national political party with socialist leanings.
  • It claims to be inspired by the philosophy of B.R. Ambedkar.
  • Its political position is left of center and stated ideologies are Dalit Socialism, Secularism, and Social Engineering.
  • One of the main political through of the BSP founder Kanshi Ram was that political instability is one of the best factors beneficial to the uplift and progress of the Dalits and the downtrodden.

Major Electoral Achievements(Center and States)

  • BSP merged with the Samajwadi party In 1993 at the time of assembly elections.
  • BSP’s Mayawati became Chief Minister with the support of BJP in 1995.
  • In May 2007, the Utter Pradesh state assembly election results saw the BSP has now emerged as a single majority party with 206 seats, the first to do so since 1991.
  • In terms of vote percentages as per 2009, Lok Sabha Election result saw the BSP is now the third Largest National Party of India, having more than 10% vote share countrywide.
  • Other States where the BSP has a legislative presence are Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Paresh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharastra, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand.
  • In 2012, Utter Pradesh assembly elections, BSP could manage only 80 seats, due to anti-incumbency factor.
  • Current Lok Sabha strength is 0 seats and Rajya Sabha strength is 10 seats.

Current State Govts. Or Oppositions

  • Not in power in any state as of December 2014.
  • Utter Pradesh is the only state where the BSP currently has a major seat-share in the Legislative Assembly(80 seats).


  • Symbol – Elephant
  • Newspapers – Adil Jafri, Mayayug
  • Party Headquarter – 12, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi
  • Mayawati is the former schoolteacher who once aspired to join the IAS.
  • Some of the BSP’s popular election slogans are “Haathi Nahin, Ganesh Nahin, Bramha Nahin, Vishnu Nahin Hain”, “Tilak, taraazu Aur Talwaar, inko Maaro Jootey Chaar”, etc.
  • Mayawati’s assets run into millions of dollars, with several properties to her name. Mayawati’s tax payments consistently rank her among the top taxpayers in India.
  • Mayawati has commented that she will formally convert to Buddhism. When the political conditions enable her to become Prime Minister of India.

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